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    Tartrazine

    Tartrazine in Tradeasia

    IUPAC Name

    Trisodium (4E)-5-oxo-1-(4-sulfonatophenyl)-4-[(4-sulfonatophenyl)hydrazono]-3-pyrazolecarboxylate

    Cas Number

    12225-21-7

    HS Code

    3204.19.82

    Formula

    C16H9N4Na3O9S2

    Basic Info

    Appearance

    Yellow Powder

    Common Names

    Yellow Azo Dye, Tartrazine

    Packaging

    1 kg/bag, 5 kg/carton

    Brief Overview 

    Tartrazine is a bright yellow anionic and hydrophilic powder used as a food coloring. It is a synthetic lemon yellow and yellow azo dye. It can also be used with Brilliant Blue FCF (FD&C Blue 1, E133) or Green S (E142) to produce various green shades. It is famously known by its E number E102.

    Manufacturing Process

    Tartrazine is manufactured by reacting diazotized 4-aminobenzenesulfonic acid (sulfanilic acid, SA) with 5-oxo-1-(4-sulfophenyl)-2-pyrazoline-3-carboxylic acid (Pyrazolone T, PyT). It can also be obtained by reacting with another compound, such as methyl ester, ethyl ester, or a salt of this carboxylic acid. The resulting compound is purified and isolated as the sodium salt. 

    Another method for manufacturing tartrazine is condensing phenylhydrazine-p-sulfonic acid with dioxosuccinic acid or oxalacetic acid derivatives.

    Food Industry

    Tartrazine is used in desserts, confectionaries, chips, beverages, snacks, spreads, jams, and other processed foods.

    Household Industry

    Tartrazine is used in liquid and bar soaps; lipsticks, lip balms, nail polish; other cosmetic products mainly for the color.

    Pharmaceutical Industry

    Some medications include tartrazine to give a yellow, orange, or green hue to a liquid, capsule, pill, lotion, or gel, primarily for easy identification.

    Other Applications

    Other products, such as household cleaning products, paper plates, pet foods, crayons, inks for writing instruments, stamp dyes, face paints, and envelope glues, may also contain tartrazine.

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