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    Coconut Oil - India

    Coconut Oil - India in Tradeasia

    IUPAC Name

    (1-Decanoyloxy-3-octanoyloxypropan-2-yl) dodecanoa

    Cas Number

    8001-31-8

    HS Code

    1513.11.10

    Formula

    C33H62O6

    Basic Info

    Appearance

    Yellow Liquid

    Common Names

    Coconut Fat

    Packaging

    50 kg plastic drum

    Brief Overview

    Coconut oil, derived from the matured coconuts of the coconut palm (Cocos nucifera), is an edible oil with versatile uses in food, medicine, and industry. Due to its elevated saturated fat content, the oil has a slow oxidation rate, making it resistant to rancidification and capable of lasting up to two years without spoilage.

    Manufacturing Process

    Extraction Methods
    Coconut oil extraction can be achieved through two methods: "dry" or "wet" processing. In the dry process, coconut meat is separated from the shell and dried using methods like fire, sunlight, or kilns, resulting in copra. This copra is then pressed or treated with solvents to yield coconut oil and a high-protein, high-fiber residue.

    Conversely, the wet process involves utilizing raw coconut rather than dried copra. The protein in the coconut initiates an emulsion of oil and water. The challenging step in this process is breaking up the emulsion to extract the oil. In the past, prolonged boiling was employed for this purpose, but it led to oil discoloration and proved economically inefficient. Modern techniques now utilize centrifuges and various pre-treatments, including cold, heat, acids, salts, enzymes, electrolysis, shock waves, or a combination of these methods.

    Cooking and Culinary Industry

    Widely utilized in cooking, particularly for frying and as a prevalent flavor in South Asian curries, coconut oil has been a staple in tropical culinary traditions for millennia. In recent times, Virgin Coconut Oil (VCO) has gained popularity among health-conscious individuals, natural food enthusiasts, and vegans.

    Cosmetic and Personal Care Industry

    Recognized for its moisturizing properties, coconut oil serves as a skin moisturizer, aiding in alleviating dry skin and minimizing protein loss when applied to the hair. Furthermore, coconut oil is a fundamental ingredient in soap production. Soaps formulated with coconut oil tend to be firm, retaining more water than those using alternative oils, thereby enhancing manufacturing yields. The soap is highly soluble in hard water and saltwater, facilitating increased lathering. When melted, basic coconut oil soap is transparent, transforming into a bright white color upon solidification.

    Agricultural Applications

    Derived acids from coconut oil find application as herbicides in the agriculture industry. Coconut oil and its derivatives, such as coconut fatty acid, serve as key raw materials in the production of surfactants like cocamidopropyl betaine, cocamide MEA, and cocamide DEA.

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