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    Coconut Oil - China

    Coconut Oil - China in Tradeasia

    IUPAC Name

    (1-Decanoyloxy-3-octanoyloxypropan-2-yl) dodecanoa

    Cas Number

    8001-31-8

    HS Code

    1513.11.10

    Formula

    C33H62O6

    Basic Info

    Appearance

    Yellow Liquid

    Common Names

    Coconut Fat

    Packaging

    25 kg drum

    Brief Overview

    Coconut oil, obtained from mature coconuts of the coconut palm (Cocos nucifera), is an ingestible oil known for its diverse applications in food, medicine, and industry. Characterized by its high saturated fat content, the oil exhibits a slow oxidation process, rendering it resistant to rancidification and allowing it to remain viable for up to two years without deterioration.

    Manufacturing Process

    Coconut oil can be obtained through two distinct extraction methods: the "dry" process and the "wet" process. In the dry process, coconut meat is detached from the shell and dried using methods such as fire, sunlight, or kilns, resulting in the formation of copra. This copra is then pressed or subjected to solvents to extract coconut oil, leaving behind a residue rich in protein and fiber.

    On the other hand, the wet process involves the use of raw coconut rather than dried copra. The protein in the coconut initiates the formation of an emulsion containing both oil and water. The critical step in this process is breaking up the emulsion to separate and recover the oil. Historically, prolonged boiling was employed for this purpose, but it led to discoloration of the oil and was economically inefficient. Contemporary methods utilize centrifuges and various pre-treatments, including cold and heat applications, acids, salts, enzymes, electrolysis, shock waves, or a combination of these techniques.

     

    Food Industry

    Widely utilized in cooking, particularly for frying and as a prevalent flavor in South Asian curries, coconut oil has been a staple in tropical culinary traditions for millennia. In recent times, Virgin Coconut Oil (VCO) has gained popularity among health-conscious individuals, natural food enthusiasts, and vegans.

    Cosmetic and Personal Care Industry

    Recognized for its moisturizing properties, coconut oil serves as a skin moisturizer, aiding in alleviating dry skin and minimizing protein loss when applied to the hair. Furthermore, coconut oil is a fundamental ingredient in soap production. Soaps formulated with coconut oil tend to be firm, retaining more water than those using alternative oils, thereby enhancing manufacturing yields. The soap is highly soluble in hard water and saltwater, facilitating increased lathering. When melted, basic coconut oil soap is transparent, transforming into a bright white color upon solidification.

    Agricultural Industry

    Derived acids from coconut oil find application as herbicides in the agriculture industry. Coconut oil and its derivatives, such as coconut fatty acid, serve as key raw materials in the production of surfactants like cocamidopropyl betaine, cocamide MEA, and cocamide DEA.

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