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    Potassium Nitrate

    Potassium Nitrate in Tradeasia

    IUPAC Name

    Potassium Nitrate

    Cas Number

    7757-79-1

    HS Code

    2834.21.00

    Formula

    KNO3

     

    Basic Info

    Appearance

    White Crystalline Powder

    Common Names

    Saltpeter Nitre

    Packaging

    25 Kg Net PP/PE, 50 Kg Woven Bag

    Brief Overview

    Potassium nitrate is a major source of nitrogen and is commonly known as saltpetre. Potassium nitrate is a orthorhombic crystal structure at room temperature, then changes to trigonal state at higher temperature. It is highly soluble in water and as temperature increases, solubility increases. It is insoluble in alcohol and can react explosively with reducing agents, but it is not explosive on its own.

    Manufacturing Process

    In earlier times, potassium nitrate was obtained from natural mineral sources and from caves. Nowadays, the production of potassium nitrate is done by making ammonium nitrate react with potassium hydroxide.

    NH4NO3 (aq) + KOH (aq) → NH3 (g) + KNO3 (aq) + H2O (l)

    For industrial scale, sodium nitrate and potassium chloride are reacted together to produce potassium nitrate and sodium chloride.

    NaNO3 (aq) + KCl (aq) → NaCl (aq) + KNO3 (aq)

    Food Industry

    Potassium nitrate is widely used for meats preservative. It is also used as thickening agent in soups and stews. It is added to cooking foods to reduce their cooking time of beans and cooking meat.

    Fertilizer Industry

    Potassium nitrate is a major source of both nitrogen and potassium. They are two of the most important macronutrients required for soil being fertile and for plant growth. Hence they are added to fertilizers.

    Other Applications

    Potassium nitrate is added to black powder in explosives and gives a smokeless powder. Potassium nitrate is added in toothpastes for sensitive teeth. It is widely used in the field of electrochemistry.

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